IV.3.4 Xenotransplantation

Xenotransplantation concerns the transplantation of an organ or tissue of a given type of animal to another type of animal or to a human being. This type of transplantation has gained interest because of the shortage of human organ donations. At the end of the 20th century there was great enthusiasm about xenotransplantation, especially because …

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IV.1.5 Preventive Medicine

F.J. van Ittersum and L.J.M. Hendriks 1.5.1 Preventive diagnostics and preventive treatment Shift from emphasis on therapeutic to preventive medicine in the 20th century In the second half of the 20th century, the focus in medicine shifted more towards prevention and early detection of diseases, even though much of the attention of doctors and …

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